FIELD OF THE INVENTION
The invention relates to atmospheric data collecting system of a glider, more particularly to a solar powered glider system which will design the lifecycle of a glider flight after observing the atmospheric conditions.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Modern aircrafts are extremely complex. For example, an aircraft may have many types of electronic systems on board. A particular electronic system on an aircraft may also be referred to as a line replaceable unit (LRU). Each line replaceable unit may take various forms. A line replaceable unit may be, for example, without limitation, a flight management system, an autopilot, an in-flight entertainment system, an environmental control system, a communications system, a collision avoidance system, a flight controller, and a flight recorder.
These types of systems often rely on the use of sensors to operate. For example, an environmental control system for a passenger cabin in an aircraft may use various temperature sensors and airflow sensors to identify changes that may be needed to maintain a desired environment in the passenger cabin. These sensors are connected to the environmental control system to provide the data needed to maintain a uniform temperature within the cabin. The environmental control system uses this information to control the heating, cooling, and/or airflow within different portions of the passenger cabin. These sensors are connected directly to the environmental control unit to provide the data needed in controlling the environment within the passenger cabin.Other systems also require data to control various functions within the aircraft. As a result, aircraft today are complex and require an ability to obtain information about various states and conditions in and around the aircraft to function properly
From colonization on the Red planet to altering the weather conditions such as cloud seeding, Humanity has seen so much advancement than ever before. To understand the various phenomenon in this universe and finding answers to these, Science and its tool have played a critical yet amazing contribution. CanSat being one of those technologies. A technology that shall teach space related topics in an inexpensive yet astonishing ways. The concept of present CanSat originated way back in 1998 when it was termed as University Space Systems Symposium and with the advancement in the concept it was coined as ARLISS. Since 1998, there has been tremendous change in the functionality of the CanSat but the core objective remains the same that is to teach technology. CanSat is an end-to-end life cycle of a complex engineering system, from conceptual design, through integration and test, actual operation of the system and concluding with a post-mission summary and debrief. CanSat creates an experience of the design life cycle of a typical aerospace system. This is the reason it includes mission requirements which are designed to reflect various aspects of the real world missions. Apart from teaching space technology, CanSat competitions are arranged all across the globe so that students make the best out of this simulated and miniaturized satellite environment.
It is common practice for pilots of gliders, sailplanes, motorgliders, ultra-light airplanes and other relatively low power-to-weight aircraft to seek upward flows of air, and conversely, to avoid its downward flows. Similarly to start a flight a need to have a look on the environment conditions present nearby the glider or any air plane is necessary to design the complete lifecycle of flight accordingly.
US 8344912 B2 talks about a method and apparatus in a sensor network in an aircraft for collecting data about the aircraft. The sensor network in the aircraft collects the data about the aircraft. The sensor network comprises a set of wireless sensors attached to a first set of locations for the aircraft, a set of wireless routers attached to a second set of locations for the aircraft, and a set of gateways connected to an aircraft data processing system. The set of wireless routers is capable of receiving the data in wireless signals transmitted by the set of wireless sensors. The set of gateways is capable of receiving data in the wireless signals from the set of wireless routers to form received data and is capable of transmitting the received data into the aircraft data processing system. Our technology: The CanSat glider is used to create an experience of the design life cycle of a typical aerospace system along with monitoring the environmental conditions through sensor subsystem powered by photovoltaic cell mounted in wings. The glider aims to sense and observe environmental data rather than its own data.
US 9561860 B2discloses a systems, apparatuses, and methods for overcoming the disadvantages of current air transportation systems that might be used for regional travel by providing a more cost effective and convenient regional air transport system. In some embodiments, the inventive air transport system, operational methods, and associated aircraft include a highly efficient plug-in series hybrid-electric powertrain (specifically optimized for aircraft operating in regional ranges), a forward compatible, range-optimized aircraft design, enabling an earlier impact of electric- based air travel services as the overall transportation system and associated technologies are developed, and platforms for the semi-automated optimization and control of the powertrain, and for the semi-automated optimization of determining the flight path for a regional distance hybrid-electric aircraft flight. Our technology: The glider draw its power from the photo voltaic cell used to convert solar energy into electric energy.Glider does not require hybrid electric powertrain as it can achieve a scheduled flight time through calculated dimensions and angle of attack so as to keep the glider in air for specific amount of time.
US 20160257417 A1 discloses a hand-launched solar-powered aircraft are disclosed. In addition, embodiments of kits are disclosed for the construction of a hand-launched solar-powered aircraft. Further, embodiments of methods of making a hand-launched aircraft are disclosed. In some embodiments, the hand-launched aircraft is solar-powered. Still further, embodiments of an educational kit for a hand-launched, solar-powered aircraft are disclosed. In various embodiments, the educational kit comprises educational material on one or more science and technology learning topics, which educational material is relevant to and supplemented by the assembly and/or operation of the aircraft. The education material can relate to, for example, one or more of flying techniques, aeronautics, renewable energy, electronics, mechanical engineering, and/or climatology. Our technology:The operation sequence of glider is different since it is not hand launched but deployed from a pre attained height. CanSat Glider is used to teach space related topics meanwhile monitoring environmental data of a specific regions.
WO 2015171920 A1talks aboutthe multi-parametric environmental diagnostics and monitoring sensor node (10) provides monitoring and diagnostics of a variety of different ambient environmental factors and is powered by multiple sources of renewable energy. The multi-parametric environmental diagnostics and monitoring sensor node (10) includes a base (38) and a plurality of environmental condition sensors (36a, 36b, 36c, 36d, 36e, 36f) mounted thereon. A controller (47) is also mounted on the base (38), the plurality of environmental condition sensors (36a, 36b, 36c, 36d, 36e, 36f) being in communication therewith. An external photovoltaic cell (18) is mounted to the base and an internal photovoltaic cell (34) is mounted in an opposed orientation on a cover (32). The external photovoltaic cell (18) and the internal photovoltaic cell (34) charge a power storage module (52), which powers the plurality of environmental condition sensors (36a, 36b, 36c, 36d, 36e, 36f) and the controller (47). Our technology: The CanSat glider is used to sense and record environmental data and is powered by photovoltaic cell that are mounted and secured within the airfoil ribs of the wings. The entire wing is covered with transparent heat shrink sheet such as ultracote.
OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION
The present invention is related to an atmospheric monitoring system of a glider which is used to design the complete lifecycle of a glider flight on the basis of data recorded.
The main purpose of the invention is to design a compact, light and efficient glider that can record temperature and pressure data, and which is solar powered.
Another object of the present invention is to keep the weight of the glider as low as possible by using the material like rubber bands, carbon fiber, ABS and solar film /ultracote (5).
Another object of the present invention is to provide an atmospheric data system for an aerospace glider.
Another object of the present invention is to achieve a glide ratio for easy gliding while keeping the power requirement of CanSat glider fulfilled.
Another object of the present invention isto reduce the weight of the CanSat glider.
Another object of the present invention isto provide stability to wings in case of shocks.
Yet another object of the present invention is to generate electric energy through solar film mounted safely inside brackets of wings.
The foregoing and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become readily apparent upon further review of the following detailed description of the preferred embodiment as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
Embodiments of the present disclosure substantially eliminate or at least partially address the aforementioned problems in the prior art, and provide an efficient advantage over the prior arts is that weight is considerably reduced and power supply element is protected inside the ABS 3D printed brackets. Further advantageously the material like carbon fiber, ABS and solarfilm/ultracote are strong enough to preserve solar cells even after a failed landing scenario.
Another feature of the invention is the power supply protected inside the ABS 3D printed brackets in the wing that is enclosed by a heat shrink polypropylene sheet.
Another feature of the invention is electronic sensors to observe, record and extract data on environmental conditions.
Another feature of the invention isphotovoltaic cell in solar panel of wings to power the system.
Another feature of the invention is charging of super-capacitor through solar cell to power the pressure and temperature sensors.
Yet another feature of the present invention is this glider configuration system can be used in determining the weather forecast and any natural calamity in advance.
It will be appreciated that features of the present disclosure are susceptible to being combined in various combinations without departing from the scope of the present disclosure as defined by the appended claims.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
The summary above, as well as the following detailed description of illustrative embodiments, is better understood when read in conjunction with the appended drawing. For the purpose of illustrating the present disclosure, exemplary constructions of the disclosure are shown in the drawing. However, the present disclosure is not limited to specific instrumentalities disclosed herein. Moreover, those in the art will understand that the drawings are not to scale. Wherever possible, like elements have been indicated by identical numbers.
Embodiments of the present disclosure will now be described, by way of example only, with reference to the following diagram wherein:
FIG. 1 illustrates a top view of wings of glider in an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 illustrates a block diagram of flow process of glider lifecycle in an embodiment of the present invention.
DETAIL DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
As required, detailed embodiments of the present disclosure are disclosed herein; however, it is to be understood that the disclosed embodiments are merely exemplary of the disclosure which may be embodied in various forms. Therefore, specific structural and functional details disclosed herein are not to be interpreted as limiting, but merely as a basis for the claims and as a representative basis for teaching one skilled in the art to variously employ the present disclosure in virtually any appropriately detailed structure.
Various other objects, advantages, and features of the disclosure will become more readily apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawing.
According to an aspect of the invention the concept is to prepare glider that houses electronic sensors to observe, record and extract data on environmental condition without the use of any stored energy (battery). The power requirements are met by solar energy which is obtained through photovoltaic cell present in solar panels or films.When light energy strikes the solar cell, electrons are knocked loose from the atoms in the semiconductor material. If electrical conductors are attached to the positive and negative sides, forming an electrical circuit, the electrons can be captured in the form of an electric current - that is, electricity. This electricity can then be used to power the glider electronics. The glider is made to take off while the solar cells are exposed to the sun rays and it charges the super capacitor which are used to power the pressure and temperature sensors.
The glider is made to set off from a specific height and when it glides, the sensors get charged due to solar and hence start giving valuable pressure and temperature data to ground station through wireless communication.
The CanSat glider is used to sense and record environmental data and is powered by photovoltaic cell that are mounted and secured within the airfoil ribs of the wings. The entire wing is covered with transparent heat shrink sheet such as ultracote (5).The CanSat glider is used to create an experience of the design life cycle of a typical aerospace system along with monitoring the environmental conditions through sensor subsystem powered by photovoltaic cell mounted in wings.The glider aims to sense and observe environmental data rather than its own data.The glider draw its power from the photovoltaic cell used to convert solar energy into electric energy. Glider does not require hybrid electric powertrain as it can achieve a scheduled flight time through calculated dimensions and angle of attack so as to keep the glider in air for specific amount of time.
The observation of environmental data is of utmost importance today, with change in climatic conditions. This data can help us evaluate and predict the natural disasters. From storms to dam floods, everything can be predicted if we observe the temperature and pressure conditions of the particular region and compare it with the previous year’s data or a standard one.
Figure 1 discloses the upper view of the wing of the glider where it shows the dimensions of the wings AB = 390mm and BC = 75mm, solar cells (1) are shown on the wings in a direction perpendicular to the length of the wings, the dimension of the solar cells is 30mm, wherein the power requirements are met by solar energy which is obtained through photovoltaic cell present in solar panels or films. The glider is made to take off while the solar cells are exposed to the sun rays and it charges the super-capacitor which are used to power the pressure and temperature sensors.carbon fiber rods (3) are also designated in the figure to make the wings light in weight and ABS printed airfoil pads (4) to provide the strength to the wing structure is also necessary and clearly shown in the figure. Also the rubber bands (2) are shown in the elongated position having the tension stored in them, with the connection of the rubber shown on the wings.
The glider is made to set off from a specific height and when it glides, the sensors get charged due to solar and hence start giving valuable pressure and temperature data to ground station through wireless communication.Photovoltaic Cell is being used in this invention. It converts visible light into direct current (DC). Some PV cells can also convert infrared (IR) or ultraviolet (UV) radiation into DC electricity. Photovoltaic cells are an integral part of solar-electric energy systems, which are becoming increasingly important as alternative sources of utility power.
Figure 2 discloses the working flow of atmospheric data system which is started when the glider is ready at initial step for flight and when wings are unfolded so that the proper glide ratio is achieved then solar panels begin to charge the system as through the photovoltaic cells beneath the solar panel the whole system is getting powered for its operation and when a particular current and voltage is obtained the supercapacitor present also gets charged which further will provide power to the temperature and pressure sensor . As the power is provided to the sensors they will start collecting data and store them in EPROM or any external storage device. After this the data observed or collected by the sensors are transmitted through wired or wireless connection to the head end or control room where GUI (Mat lab) is present for getting a comparison between the present and previously recorded data. Further for getting an analysis of environment condition and continuous monitoring of the environment the system is used
Further, the different advantageous embodiments may be implemented in vehicles other than aircraft. For example, the different advantageous embodiments may be implemented in vehicles, such as, trains, surface ships, submarines, busses, spacecraft, and other suitable vehicles. The embodiment or embodiments selected are chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the embodiments, the practical application, and to enable others of ordinary skill in the art to understand the disclosure for various embodiments with various modifications as are suited to the particular use contemplated.
While the disclosure has been presented with respect to certain specific embodiments, it will be appreciated that many modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the disclosure. It is intended, therefore, by the appended claims to cover all such modifications and changes as fall within the true spirit and scope of the disclosure.
Main advantages of the present invention are:
1. Simple in construction and assembly, operates at fully potential without any pneumatic or hydraulic system.
2. Less weight.
3. Protection for solar cells.
4. High strength.
5. Large wingspan.
6. Load carrying capacity.
7. It can be used as glider for CanSat operations for scientific or environmental studies.
8. It can be used as an alternative to drones and other propelled or thrust devices.
9. Easily used for the glider planes available in the market as a toys for kids.
10. The following glider configuration can be used in determining the weather forecast and any natural calamity in advance.