PatSeer

SYSTEM FOR MANAGING NUTRIENTS IN SOIL
Pub. No. IN201711004808A
App. No. IN201711004808
App. No. Original IN201711004808
Appl. Date 10-Feb-2017
Pub. Date 17-Aug-2018
Inventor(s) MS NIDHI CHAHAL, MS SAKSHI SHARMA, MOHIT BHARDWAJ, PRITHVI RAJ MUNDAY, TANISH BHATT, ROHIT SHYAM, PRASHANT PANDEY, NAVJOT SINGH
Assignee Norm. CHANDIGARH GROUP OF COLLEGES CGC (LANDRAN KHARAR BANUR HIGHWAY SECTOR 112 LANDRAN SAHIBZADA AJIT SINGH NAGAR PUNJAB 140307 PUNJAB INDIA, IN)
Current Assignee CHANDIGARH GROUP OF COLLEGES CGC (LANDRAN KHARAR BANUR HIGHWAY SECTOR 112 LANDRAN SAHIBZADA AJIT SINGH NAGAR PUNJAB 140307 PUNJAB INDIA, IN)
Current Owner CHANDIGARH GROUP OF COLLEGES CGC
IPC F16D65/02
ABSTRACT
A system for managing nutrients in soil, the system comprises: a sensing arrangement, wherein said sensing arrangement is configured to sense an amount of nutrients present in said soil; a processing arrangement communicably coupled to said sensing arrangement, wherein said processing arrangement is configured to compare said sensed amount of nutrients present in said soil with an essential amount of nutrients required for growth of a plant in said soil; a tank for storing nutrients, wherein said tank comprises a valve arrangement operatively coupled to said processing arrangement, and wherein said processing arrangement regulates opening/closing of said valve arrangement in response to said sensed amount of nutrients in said soil; a GSM module communicably coupled to said processing arrangement, wherein said GSM module is configured to transmit a message to a user device; and a power supply unit configured to supply power to said system. Figure of the Abstract Figure 1

CLAIMS

1. A system for managing nutrients in soil, the system comprises; - a sensing arrangement, wherein said sensing arrangement is configured to sense an amount of nutrients present in said soil; - a processing arrangement communicably coupled to said sensing arrangement, wherein said processing arrangement is configured to compare said sensed amount of nutrients present in said soil with an essential amount of nutrients required for growth of a plant in said soil; - a tank for storing nutrients, wherein said tank comprises a valve arrangement operatively coupled to said processing arrangement, and wherein said processing arrangement regulates opening/closing of said valve arrangement in response to said sensed amount of nutrients in said soil; - a GSM module communicably coupled to said processing arrangement, wherein said GSM module is configured to transmit a message to a user device; and a power supply unit configured to supply power to said system.

2. A system according to claim 1, wherein said sensing arrangement further comprises a soil nutrient sensor configured to detect pH value of various elements present in said soil.

3. A system according to claim 1, wherein said processing arrangement further comprises a microcontroller unit, a visual display unit and so forth.

4. A method for managing nutrients in soil, the method comprises; - sensing an amount of nutrients present in said soil using a sensing arrangement; - comparing said sensed amount of nutrients present in said soil with an essential amount of nutrients required for growth of a plant in said soil using a processing arrangement; - regulating opening/closing of a valve arrangement in response to said sensed amount of nutrients in said soil; - transmitting a message to a user device.

5. A method according to claim 5, wherein said sensing arrangement comprises a soil nutrient sensor configured to detect pH value of various elements present in said soil.

6. A method according to claim 5, wherein said processing arrangement comprises a microcontroller unit, a visual display unit and so forth.

7. A method according to claim 5, wherein valve arrangement is configured in a tank for storing nutrients.


DESCRIPTION
FIELD OF INVENTION

Generally, the present invention generally relates to an automated plant harvesting arrangement and more specifically, to a system for managing nutrients in soil to harvest plants in soil.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Generally, composition of soil in a farming field may vary depending upon geographical location of the field and nature of crops planted in the field. Therefore, information relating to nutrient composition of the soil prior to plantation of crops may assist in enhancing yield of the crops. Further, the choice of fertilizer may be assisted by the nutrient composition of the soil. Additionally, the soil requires a minimum essential amount of nutrients for proper growth of the crops.

Conventional farming methods provide food products along with several other resources. The farming methods involve, for example, sowing of seeds into soil, and later harvesting plant products resulting from the seeds. However, intensive farming using conventional farming methods has depleted the essential nutrients of the soil. Additionally, the soil can be supplied with fertilizers to replenish the depleted nutrients of the soil. However, the supply of fertilizers is based on manual estimation of the nutrient composition of the soil. Subsequently, any errors in the estimation of the nutrient composition of the soil may lead to inaccurate dosing of fertilizers to the soil. Consequently, the soil may be under-dosed with fertilizers resulting in a decreased plant yield. Additionally, the soil may be over-dosed with fertilizers leading to avoidable monetary losses. Further, an over-dose of fertilizers may pollute the soil and proximate water bodies. Also, the inaccurate dosing of fertilizers may cause chemical imbalances in the soil and encourages growth of algae in the proximate water bodies.

Therefore, in light of foregoing discussion, there exists a need to overcome the aforementioned drawbacks associated with supplying nutrients to the soil.

OBJECT OF THE INVENTION

The principal objective of the present invention is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art.

An objective of the present invention is to provide a system for managing nutrients in soil.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method for managing nutrients in soil

Yet another objective of the present invention is to provide a system for managing nutrients in soil, wherein said sensing arrangement is configured to sense an amount of nutrients present in said soil.

Yet another objective of the present invention is to provide a system for managing nutrients in soil, wherein a processing arrangement communicably coupled to said sensing arrangement, wherein said processing arrangement is configured to compare said sensed amount of nutrients present in the soil with an essential amount of nutrients required for growth of a plant in said soil.

Yet another objective of the present invention is to provide a system for managing nutrients in soil, wherein a tank for storing nutrients, wherein said tank comprises a valve arrangement operatively coupled to said processing arrangement, and wherein said processing arrangement regulates opening/closing of said valve arrangement in response to said sensed amount of nutrients in said soil.

Yet another objective of the present invention is to provide a system for managing nutrients in soil, wherein a GSM module communicably coupled to said processing arrangement, wherein said GSM module is configured to transmit a message to a user device.

Yet another objective of the present invention is to provide a system for managing nutrients in soil, wherein a power supply unit configured to supply power to said system.

The foregoing and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become readily apparent upon further review of the following detailed description of the preferred embodiment as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention is directed to a system for managing nutrients in soil.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, the system for managing nutrients in soil, on detecting and analysing the amount of essential nutrients in the soil.

In an aspect, the present invention provides a system for mitigating replication attack in mobile wireless sensor network (WSN) using witness node, the system comprises;

- a sensing arrangement, wherein said sensing arrangement is configured to sense an amount of nutrients present in said soil;

- a processing arrangement communicably coupled to said sensing arrangement, wherein said processing arrangement is configured to compare said sensed amount of nutrients present in said soil with an essential amount of nutrients required for growth of a plant in said soil;

- - a tank for storing nutrients, wherein said tank comprises a valve arrangement operatively coupled to said processing arrangement, and wherein said processing arrangement regulates opening/closing of said valve arrangement in response to said sensed amount of nutrients in said soil;

- - a GSM module communicably coupled to said processing arrangement, wherein said GSM module is configured to transmit a message to a user device; and

- a power supply unit configured to supply power to said system.

In one aspect, the present invention provides a method for mitigating replication attack in mobile wireless sensor network (WSN) using witness node, the method comprises;

- sensing an amount of nutrients present in said soil using a sensing arrangement;

- comparing said sensed amount of nutrients present in said soil with an essential amount of nutrients required for growth of a plant in said soil using a processing arrangement;

- regulating opening/closing of said valve arrangement in response to said sensed amount of nutrients in said soil;

- transmitting a message to a user device.

Optionally, said sensing arrangement further comprises a soil nutrient sensor configured to detect pH value of various elements present in said soil.

Optionally, said processing arrangement further comprises a microcontroller unit, a visual display unit and so forth.

Optionally, valve arrangement is configured in a tank for storing nutrients.

It will be appreciated that features of the present disclosure are susceptible to being combined in various combinations without departing from the scope of the present disclosure as defined by the appended claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

The summary above, as well as the following detailed description of illustrative embodiments, is better understood when read in conjunction with the appended drawings. For illustrating the present disclosure, exemplary constructions of the disclosure are shown in the drawings. However, the present disclosure is not limited to specific instrumentalities disclosed herein. Moreover, those in the art will understand that the drawings are not to scale. Wherever possible, like elements have been indicated by identical numbers.

Embodiments of the present disclosure will now be described, by way of example only, with reference to the following diagram wherein:

FIG. 1 is an illustration of a system for managing nutrients in soil, accordance with the embodiments of the present disclosure.

FIG. 2 is an illustration of a method for managing nutrients in soil, accordance with the embodiments of the present disclosure.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

As required, detailed embodiments of the present invention are disclosed herein; however, it is to be understood that the disclosed embodiments are merely exemplary of the invention, which may be embodied in various forms. Therefore, specific structural and functional details disclosed herein are not to be interpreted as limiting, but merely as a basis for the claims and as a representative basis for teaching one skilled in the art to variously employ the present invention in virtually any appropriately detailed structure.

Various other objects, advantages, and features of the invention will become more readily apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which like reference numerals designate like parts throughout the figures thereof.

In an aspect, a system for managing nutrients in soil, the system comprises a sensing arrangement, wherein said sensing arrangement is configured to sense an amount of nutrients present in said soil: a processing arrangement communicably coupled to said sensing arrangement, wherein said processing arrangement is configured to compare said sensed amount of nutrients present in said soil with an essential amount of nutrients required for growth of a plant in said soil, a tank for storing nutrients, wherein said tank comprises a valve arrangement operatively coupled to said processing arrangement, and wherein said processing arrangement regulates opening/closing of said valve arrangement in response to said sensed amount of nutrients in said soil, a GSM module communicably coupled to said processing arrangement, wherein said GSM module is configured to transmit a message to a user device and a power supply unit configured to supply power to said system.

In an aspect, a method for managing nutrients in soil comprises: sensing an amount of nutrients present in said soil, comparing said sensed amount of nutrients present in said soil with an essential amount of nutrients required for growth of a plant in said soil, regulating opening/closing of said valve arrangement in response to said sensed amount of nutrients in said soil, transmitting a message to a user device.

Generally, soil nourishment is done to enrich fertility of the soil and yield good quality of crops. Further, the soil fertilization is taken in practice to retain the nutrients in the soil for cultivation over years. In recent times, supplying of nutrients in the soil is automated to reduce the effort of farmers in the field. Conventionally, various soil nourishment systems have been developed to enhance the nutrient supplying process and reduce the farmer’s involvement in field.

Now referring to FIG 1 is an illustration of a block diagram of a system 100 for managing nutrients in soil, the system comprises a sensing arrangement 102, wherein said sensing arrangement 102 is configured to sense an amount of nutrients present in said soil: a processing arrangement 104 communicably coupled to said sensing arrangement 102, wherein said processing arrangement 104 is configured to compare said sensed amount of nutrients present in said soil with an essential amount of nutrients required for growth of a plant in said soil, a tank 106 for storing nutrients, wherein said tank 106 comprises a valve arrangement 108 operatively coupled to said processing arrangement 104, and wherein said processing arrangement 104 regulates opening/closing of said valve arrangement 108 in response to said sensed amount of nutrients in said soil, a GSM module 110 communicably coupled to said processing arrangement 104, wherein said GSM module 110 is configured to transmit a message to a user device 112 and a power supply unit 114 configured to supply power to said system.

Now referring to FIG 2 is an illustration representing a method 200 , a method for managing nutrients in soil. At a step 202, an amount of nutrients present in said soil is sensed using a sensing arrangement. At a step 204, sensed amount of nutrients present in said soil is compared with an essential amount of nutrients required for growth of a plant in said soil using a processing arrangement. At a step 204, opening/closing of said valve arrangement is regulated in response to said sensed amount of nutrients in said soil. At a step 204, a message is transmitted to a user device.

In an embodiment, the system 100 for managing nutrients in soil is connected to said power supply unit 114. Furthermore, said power supply unit 114 may comprise external electricity source, a battery and so forth. Moreover, said power supply unit 114 may be regulated on the end of a user monitoring the entire system 100. In an instance, strips of sensing arrangement 102 is buried in the soil. Additionally, said sensing arrangement 102 detects the amount of nutrients present in the soil. Furthermore, said sensing arrangement 102 detects and transmits the data to said processing arrangement 104 and further the information is tranmitted to said user device 112 via said GSM module 110 communicably coupled to said processing arrangement 104.

In one embodiment, said processing arrangement 104 stores informational data of various crops and national element associated with the crops. In another embodiment, said processing arrangement further may comprises a microcontroller unit, a visual display unit and so forth. Furthermore, the type of crop is displayed on the display unit of said processing arrangement 104. Subsequently, a crop type is selected from the list of crops displayed on the display unit of said processing arrangement 104. In addition, the crop type includes information about various elements such as nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) or NPK value of the soil. Optionally, said sensing arrangement further comprises a soil nutrient sensor configured to detect pH value of various elements present in said soil. Furthermore, the sensed amount of nutrients present in said soil is compared with an essential amount of nutrients required for growth of a plant in said soil. Moreover, essential amount of nutrients is calculated and analysed on the basis of percentage of amount of elements present in said soil and further NPK value is estimated. Furthermore, said tank 106 stores the essential nutrients that are utilized to enhance the fertility of the soil. Moreover, said tank 106 comprises a valve arrangement 108 operatively coupled to said processing arrangement 104, and wherein said processing arrangement 104 regulates opening/closing of said valve arrangement 108 in response to said sensed amount of nutrients in said soil.

Optionally, valve arrangement is configured in a tank for storing nutrients. In an embodiment, said valve arrangement 108 operable to be open on detecting deficiency of nutrients in said soil based on analysed information of sensed amount of nutrients present in said soil. In addition said valve arrangement 108 operable to be close on meeting the amount of nutrients present in said soil. Subsequently, said GSM module 110 is configured to transmit a message to a user device 112 about the fulfilment of amount of essential nutrients in said soil based on information detected by said sensing arrangement 102.

On the basis of system and method implemented to manage nutrients in soil, the fertility of soil is regulated and effort of farmer in the field is reduced. Beneficially, the enhancement of the fertility of soil results in high yield crops and better farm production. Furthermore, the abovementioned system reduces water consumption and operating expenses for irrigation management and increases fertility and production thereof.

While the disclosure has been presented with respect to certain specific embodiments, it will be appreciated that many modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the disclosure. It is intended, therefore, by the appended claims to cover all such modifications and changes as fall within the true spirit and scope of the disclosure.