PatSeer

SYSTEM FOR MONITORING STRUCTURAL HEALTH OF BUILDING´┐Ż
Pub. No. IN201711004802A
App. No. IN201711004802
App. No. Original IN201711004802
Appl. Date 10-Feb-2017
Pub. Date 17-Aug-2018
Inventor(s) MS NIDHI CHAHAL, MS PUJA SHARMA, MR ADITYA RAJ SINGH JASROTIA, MS SAKSHI SHARMA
Assignee Norm. CHANDIGARH GROUP OF COLLEGES CGC (LANDRAN KHARAR BANUR HIGHWAY SECTOR 112 LANDRAN SAHIBZADA AJIT SINGH NAGAR PUNJAB 140307 PUNJAB INDIA, IN)
Current Assignee CHANDIGARH GROUP OF COLLEGES CGC (LANDRAN KHARAR BANUR HIGHWAY SECTOR 112 LANDRAN SAHIBZADA AJIT SINGH NAGAR PUNJAB 140307 PUNJAB INDIA, IN)
Current Owner CHANDIGARH GROUP OF COLLEGES CGC
IPC H02J7/0073
ABSTRACT
Disclosed is a system for monitoring structural health of a building. The system comprises a sensing arrangement coupled to the building, wherein the sensing arrangement is configured to collect sensor data pertaining to the building; an Internet of Things module communicably coupled to the sensing arrangement, the Internet of Things module comprising a processor; and a communication device wirelessly coupled to the Internet of Things module, wherein the communication device is configured to receive processed information relating to the structural health of the building.

CLAIMS

1. A system for monitoring structural health of a building, said system comprising: a) a sensing arrangement coupled to the building, wherein said sensing arrangement is configured to collect sensor data pertaining to said building; b) an Internet of Things module communicably coupled to said sensing arrangement, said Internet of Things module comprising a processor; and c) a communication device wirelessly coupled to said Internet of Things module, wherein said communication device is configured to receive processed information relating to said structural health of said building.

2. The system as claimed in Claim 1, wherein said IoT module may send the processed information relating to the structural health of the building to a communication device via a network of the Internet of Things.

3. The system as claimed in Claim 1, the building may be heritage sites, bridges, residential buildings, commercial buildings, government buildings and so forth.

4. The system as claimed in Claim 1, wherein said microcontroller is preferably but not limited to.

5. The system as claimed in Claim 1 and 2 , the IoT module may further comprise a memory for storing the processed information relating to the structural health of the building.

6. The system as claimed in Claim 1, wherein said communication device is preferably a GSM module.

7. The system as claimed in Claim 1, wherein the sensing arrangement is operational to detect various parameters that help in monitoring the structural health of the building.

8. The system as claimed in Claim 1, wherein said system decreases accidental deaths due to the collapse of building and bridges.

9. The system as claimed in Claim 1, wherein said communication device further communicates the information relating to the structural health of the building to concerned government authorities.


DESCRIPTION
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present disclosure relates to field of health monitoring of buildings, more particularly, embodiments of the disclosure relate to a system based on Internet of Things (IoT) for monitoring structural health (Vibrations, Moisture and Strain) of the heritage sites, bridges, buildings.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Generally, buildings such as office buildings, malls, dams, bridges, heritage sites and so forth undergo damage over time. Such damage may be caused due to natural factors such as earthquakes, floods and so forth, and/or manmade factors such as overloading, construction, and so forth. In such instances, it may be appreciated that health of the buildings are required to be monitored regularly to ensure safety of the building and that of people using the building.

Conventionally, the health of a building is monitored by civil authorities by using techniques such as visual inspection thereof. However, such methods are usually known to suffer from various drawbacks. For example, continuous monitoring of health of a building throughout its lifetime may not be possible. Further, such inspection methods may be prone to human error. Also, monitoring of a large building on a regular basis may be costly and cumbersome.

US20100271199 A1 relates to a system and a method of long-term condition monitoring of structures are based on use of autonomous sensing modules, centers for storing and processing data and software for data analysis. An autonomous sensing module contains a set of sensors for measurements of parameters related to the condition of a monitored structure, a non-volatile memory, a wireless data transfer unit, a controller, a clock circuit, a battery, an energy harvesting device and a power management unit. The autonomous sensing module provides a very long-term (40 years or more) functionality and reliability due to both use of at least near hermetic packages for the controller, the non-volatile memory, the battery, the clock circuit and the power management unit and choosing the duration of periods when the sensing module works in active mode in such a way that the average energy consumed by the autonomous sensing module is fully compensated by the average energy harvested by the energy harvesting device.

CN 105527913 A discloses an intelligent building health monitoring system based on internet of things and cloud computing. The system is formed by a plurality of building health intelligent monitors and a building health analysis and evaluation center. Each building health intelligent monitor comprises a wireless communication module, a microprocessor, an optic fiber strain sensor, a tilt angle sensor, a temperature and humidity sensor, a smoke sensor, a camera, an early warning device and a power supply. The building health analysis and evaluation center comprises a wireless relay, a cloud server, a data processing and analysis device and a health assessment device. The intelligent building health monitoring system based on internet of things and cloud computing has the advantages of simple structure, wide coverage area, integration, intelligence and humanization and the like, and can carry out all-around intelligent monitoring on high-rise buildings and carry out analysis and assessment on the health conditions of the buildings in real time; and when the buildings have health hidden dangers, an early warning can be given in advance to achieve good security guarantee in advance, thereby providing an effective approach for improving safety guarantee of the high-rise buildings.

The systems in the prior art do not monitor structural condition of heritage sites, complicated design, are Expansive and not IOT based.

Therefore, in light of the foregoing discussion, there exists a need to overcome the aforementioned drawbacks associated with monitoring structural health of a building.

OBJECT OF THE INVENTION

The principal object of the present disclosure is to provide a reliable and cost-efficient system for monitoring structural health of a building based on Internet of Things (IoT).

Another object of the present disclosure is to provide a system providing real-time feedback of condition of the building.

Another object of the present disclosure is to provide a system that is cheap, economical and is cloud and IOT based.

The foregoing and other objects, features and advantages of the present disclosure will become readily apparent upon further review of the following detailed description of the preferred embodiment as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present disclosure relates to a system for monitoring structural health of a building based on Internet of Things (IoT) that minimizes the potential damages that natural phenomena may cause to the heritage sites; decreases accidental deaths due to the collapse of building and bridges and locates any problem in structure and providing real time feedback to the concerned authority.

According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, there is provided a system for monitoring structural health of a building, said system comprising:

a) a sensing arrangement(sensors) coupled to said building, wherein the sensing arrangement is configured to collect sensor data pertaining to said building;

b) an Internet of Things module communicably coupled to said sensing arrangement, said Internet of Things module comprising a microprocessor; and

c) a communication device wirelessly coupled to said Internet of Things module, wherein said communication device is configured to receive processed information relating to said structural health of said building.

Embodiments of the present disclosure substantially eliminate or at least partially address the aforementioned problems in the prior art, and provide a method for managing a wireless mobile ad-hoc network to prevent black hole attack.

Additional aspects, advantages, features and objects of the present disclosure would be made apparent from the drawings and the detailed description of the illustrative embodiments construed in conjunction with the appended claims that follow.

It will be appreciated that features of the present disclosure are susceptible to being combined in various combinations without departing from the scope of the present disclosure as defined by the appended claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

The summary above, as well as the following detailed description of illustrative embodiments, is better understood when read in conjunction with the appended drawing. For the purpose of illustrating the present disclosure, exemplary constructions of the disclosure are shown in the drawing. However, the present disclosure is not limited to specific instrumentalities disclosed herein. Moreover, those in the art will understand that the drawings are not to scale. Wherever possible, like elements have been indicated by identical numbers.

Embodiments of the present disclosure will now be described, by way of example only, with reference to the following diagram wherein:

FIG. 1 illustrates a block diagram of a system for monitoring structural health of a building, in an embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

As required, detailed embodiments of the present disclosure are disclosed herein; however, it is to be understood that the disclosed embodiments are merely exemplary of the disclosure which may be embodied in various forms. Therefore, specific structural and functional details disclosed herein are not to be interpreted as limiting, but merely as a basis for the claims and as a representative basis for teaching one skilled in the art to variously employ the present disclosure in virtually any appropriately detailed structure.

Various other objects, advantages, and features of the disclosure will become more readily apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which like reference numerals designate like parts throughout the figures thereof.

With reference to the drawings specifically to FIG.1, illustrates a system 01 for monitoring structural health of a building. As shown, the system 01 comprises a sensing arrangement 02, an Internet of Things module 06 communicably coupled to a communication device 10 via a network 08. The Internet of Things module 06 further comprises a processor 04.

The present disclosure provides a system for monitoring structural health of a building. The system comprises a sensing arrangement coupled to the building, wherein the sensing arrangement is configured to collect sensor data pertaining to the building. The system further comprises an Internet of Things module communicably coupled to the sensing arrangement, the Internet of Things module comprising a processor and a communication device wirelessly coupled to the Internet of Things module, wherein the communication device is configured to receive processed information relating to the structural health of the building.

In an embodiment, the building may be heritage sites, bridges, residential buildings, commercial buildings, government buildings and so forth. The structural health of the building may be affected due to action of earthquakes, rainfall, human negligence and so forth. The sensing arrangement is operable to detect damage caused to the building and send sensor data to the IoT module.

According to an embodiment, the sensing arrangement may be operable to detect various parameters that may help in monitoring the structural health of the building. Specifically, the sensing arrangement may detect any structural faults, weaknesses, deformations, cracks and so forth in the building. The sensing arrangement may comprise ultrasonic sensors, strain sensors, stress sensors, accelerometers, pressure sensors, temperature and humidity sensors, camera and so forth. The sensing arrangement may be communicably coupled to the Internet of Things (IoT) module to send data from the sensors.

According to an embodiment, Internet of Things is the internetworking of physical devices, vehicles, buildings, and so forth embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators and network connectivity that enables sending and receiving of data amongst these devices.

According to an embodiment, the Internet of Things (IoT) module comprises a processor. Specifically, the processor is operable to receive sensor data from the sensing arrangement. More specifically, the sensing arrangement is operable to process the received sensor data to obtain information relating the structural health of the building. Subsequently, the processor may determine possibility of a threat to the structural health of the building by analyzing the received sensor data. Further, the processor may be a microcontroller. Example of the microcontroller may include, but are not limited to ATmega8.

According to an embodiment, the IoT module may further comprise a memory for storing the processed information relating to the structural health of the building.

In an embodiment, the IoT module may send the processed information relating to the structural health of the building to a communication device via a network of the Internet of Things. The information relating to the structural health of the building may be sent to several devices connected to the network of the Internet of Things. Further, the IoT module may filter useful data from the unprocessed data received from the sensing arrangement.

In an embodiment, the system may comprise the communication device coupled to the Internet of Things module, wherein the communication device is configured to receive the processed information relating to the structural health of the building. For instance, the communication device may be a GSM module. The communication device may further communicate the information relating to the structural health of the building to concerned government authorities. The communication device may provide information relating to the structural health of the building in real time or near real time.

While the disclosure has been presented with respect to certain specific embodiments, it will be appreciated that many modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the disclosure. It is intended, therefore, by the appended claims to cover all such modifications and changes as fall within the true spirit and scope of the disclosure.