PatSeer

IMPROVED ELECTRONIC ANESTHESIA DELIVERY DEVICE
Pub. No. IN201611026715A
App. No. IN201611026715
App. No. Original IN201611026715
Appl. Date 05-Aug-2016
Pub. Date 16-Mar-2018
Inventor(s) DR RUCHI SINGLA, DR MOHIT SRIVASTAVA, SAKSHAM BHAGI, ANKUSH SHARMA, HIMANSHU MAHAJAN
Assignee Norm. CHANDIGARH GROUP OF COLLEGES CGC (LANDRAN KHARAR BANUR HIGHWAY SECTOR 112 LANDRAN SAHIBZADA AJIT SINGH NAGAR PUNJAB 140307 PUNJAB INDIA, IN)
Current Assignee CHANDIGARH GROUP OF COLLEGES CGC (LANDRAN KHARAR BANUR HIGHWAY SECTOR 112 LANDRAN SAHIBZADA AJIT SINGH NAGAR PUNJAB 140307 PUNJAB INDIA, IN)
Current Owner CHANDIGARH GROUP OF COLLEGES CGC
IPC A61M5/16827
ABSTRACT
There is describer an electronic anesthesia delivery device includes a target for selecting and receiving at least one digital brain wave and determining a particular state of consciousness of a patient, an external source for providing electronic commands and converting the state of consciousness from a first energy state to a second energy state, a processor, at least one frequency generator, an amplifier, at least one headphone interfaced to the processor and at least one power source.

CLAIMS

1. An electronic anesthesia delivery device, the device comprising: - a target for selecting and receiving at least one digital brain wave and determining a particular state of consciousness of a patient; - an external source for providing electronic commands and converting the state of consciousness from a first energy state to a second energy state; - a processor; - at least one frequency generator; - an amplifier; - at least one headphone interfaced to the processor; and - at least one power source.

2. A device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the at least one digital brain wave are waves associated with the activeness of a brain of the patient.

3. A device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the processor is operable for analyzing digital brain wave data corresponding to the brain waves of the patient.

4. A device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the processor is a microprocessor.

5. A device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the at least one frequency generator is associated to the external source for generating frequency on receiving electronic signals.

6. A device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the amplifier is operable for amplifying the electrical signals.

7. A device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the at least one power source is operable for determining the ON and OFF condition of the device.

8. A device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the at least one power source is removable.


DESCRIPTION
























FIELD OF THE INVENTION

Generally, the present invention relates to medical diagnosis and medical instruments for anesthesia delivery to patients. Specifically, the present invention relates to a portable electronic anesthesia delivery device or apparatus for converting the energy state of a patient’s brain by generating electronic signals or commands in the patient’s brain at defined frequencies.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Anesthesia is a way to control pain during a surgery or procedure by using medicine called anesthetics. It can help control your breathing, blood pressure, blood flow, and heart rate and rhythm. Conventionally anesthesia was performed by giving the chemical anesthesia (N2O) mixed with oxygen to the patient. It is provided via nose and taken to the lungs and then the heart. The heart mixes it with the blood and regulates it throughout the body. After a part of it is used by the target (to the required extent or quantity) the excess or leftover is not drained out. It remains inside the blood causing malfunctions for a period of time in normal cases. But when it intervenes with the provided medicines their reaction may cause prolonged impact to the parts of the body.

During major surgeries in which general anesthesia are used, it is necessary to monitor the vital functions of the anesthetized patient and additionally to control and monitor the anesthesia process. Systems referred to as “anesthesia machines” have been developed to facilitate such control functions of the anesthesia delivery and some of the monitoring functions thereof. The anesthesia machine provides controls for the flow and mixtures of oxygen and a gaseous anesthetic to the patient with gauges or indicators for monitoring the flow rates and supply pressures. Vital parameters which are monitored and indicated include patient temperature, blood pressure, pulse rate, oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations and electrocardiographic data.

In hospitals centers, anesthesia used has many side effects. Also accuracy and precision regarding their date of manufacture, amount of dose, time of effect which vary with the patient. Presently chemicals are commonly used which have different anesthetic problems like of overdose, problem regarding date of manufacture, changing of N2O cylinder during prolonged surgeries. Additionally there are certain limitations with the existing devices, amount of use of chemicals, bulkiness of apparatus of N2O cylinder, the inconvenience caused due to changing of N2O cylinder during prolonged operations and restriction of movement due to large setup.

A United States patent document US 8567392 B2 relates to an electronic anesthesia delivery apparatus for mixing a carrier gas and first and second anesthetic agents comprises a chassis having an electronic vaporizer, the vaporizer having a first anesthetic chamber and a second anesthetic chamber retaining the first anesthetic agent and the second anesthetic agent, a carrier gas input port in flow communication with the first anesthetic chamber and the second anesthetic chamber, a precision orifice and an electronic control valve corresponding to each of the chambers being downstream of the gas input port, each of the chambers having a conduit in flow communication with the carrier gas input port, each of the conduits extending into each of the chambers below an upper level of anesthetic agent, wherein the carrier gas passes through a porous diffuser near an end of the conduit and bubbles through the anesthetic agent, the chamber further comprising an anesthetic gas outlet port, an electronic touchscreen display for controlling carrier gas flow rate to the first anesthetic chamber and the second anesthetic chamber, the electronic touchscreen display further allowing control of concentrations of the anesthetic agent in an anesthesia to a patient by intermittently opening and closing of the electronic control valve, a circuit board having an input/output portion, the circuit board in electronic communication with the electronic touchscreen display, the input/output portion receiving temperature of the anesthetic agent, the electronic anesthesia delivery apparatus allowing use of a first anesthetic agent while a second anesthetic agent is one of either replaced or substituted in the second chamber.

Another United States patent document US 6415792 B1 relates to an anesthesia machine with a head worn display includes a gas delivery system and a patient monitor system cooperating in such a manner as to monitor the anesthesia and vital parameters of a patient in surgery. The gas delivery system supplies oxygen or a gaseous anesthetic at a controlled pressure and flow rate as monitored by gas delivery sensors. The gas delivery sensors and patient vital parameter sensors are interfaced to a monitor processor and the measured values of the sensors can be displayed on a head worn display device having stereoscopic capabilities. The monitor processor includes communication ports for selectively monitoring the sensors of a similar anesthesia machine remotely positioned and for downloading patient medical records from a hospital medical records computer. A wireless communication link can be employed between the monitor processor and the head worn display to facilitate movement of an anesthesiologist about an operating room.

In order to overcome the aforementioned prior art and drawbacks, there exists a need to provide a portable and low power electronic anesthesia delivery device or apparatus for converting the energy state of a patient’s brain by generating electronic signals or commands in the body at defined frequencies.

OBJECT OF THE INVENTION

The principal object of the present invention is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art.

An object of the present invention is to provide a portable electronic anesthesia delivery device or apparatus for converting the energy state of a patient’s brain by generating electronic signals or commands in the body at predefined frequencies.

Another object of the present invention to provide an improved electronic anesthesia delivery device or apparatus that requires no installation cost and has a low maintenance cost.

Another object of the present invention to provide an improved electronic anesthesia delivery device or apparatus that consumes less power and does not cause any chemical pollution.

Another object of the present invention is to provide an electronic anesthesia delivery device or apparatus that operates at stable frequencies below the base frequency of 2.22Hz causing the patient to faint even if the patient is in a high energy state.

Another object of the present invention is to provide an electronic anesthesia delivery device or apparatus that can be provided through speakers in the form of headphones worn by the patient.

Another object of the present invention is to provide an electronic anesthesia delivery device or apparatus that can resolve the different anesthetic problems like the affect of chemical on body, overdose, problem regarding date of manufacture, changing of N2O cylinder during prolonged surgeries, maintenance of pressure of N2O supply from cylinder.

The foregoing and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become readily apparent upon further review of the following detailed description of the preferred embodiment as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a portable electronic anesthesia delivery device or apparatus for converting the energy state of a patient’s brain by generating electronic signals or commands in the patient’s brain at defined frequencies.

In an aspect, the invention is realized by an electronic anesthesia delivery device, the device comprising:

- a target for selecting and receiving at least one digital brain wave and determining a particular state of consciousness of a patient;

- an external source for providing electronic commands and converting the state of consciousness from a first energy state to a second energy state;

- a processor;

- at least one frequency generator;

- an amplifier;

- a left and right headphone interfaced to the processor; and

- at least one power source.

Optionally, the at least one digital brain wave are waves associated with the activeness of a brain of the patient.

Optionally, the processor is operable for analyzing digital brain wave data corresponding to the brain waves of the patient. Additionally optionally, the processor is a microprocessor.

Optionally, the at least one frequency generator is associated to the external source for generating frequency on receiving electronic signals. More optionally, the amplifier is operable for amplifying the electrical signals.

Optionally, the at least one power source is operable for determining the ON and OFF condition of the device. Alternatively optionally, the at least one power source is removable.

Additional aspects, advantages, features and objects of the present disclosure would be made apparent from the drawings and the detailed description of the illustrative embodiments construed in conjunction with the appended claims that follow.

It will be appreciated that features of the present disclosure are susceptible to being combined in various combinations without departing from the scope of the present disclosure as defined by the appended claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

The summary above, as well as the following detailed description of illustrative embodiments, is better understood when read in conjunction with the appended drawings. For the purpose of illustrating the present disclosure, exemplary constructions of the disclosure are shown in the drawings. However, the present disclosure is not limited to specific instrumentalities disclosed herein. Moreover, those in the art will understand that the drawings are not to scale. Wherever possible, like elements have been indicated by identical numbers.

Embodiments of the present disclosure will now be described, by way of example only, with reference to the following diagrams wherein:

FIG. 1 is an illustration of an electronic anesthesia delivery device in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

As required, detailed embodiments of the present invention are disclosed herein; however, it is to be understood that the disclosed embodiments are merely exemplary of the invention which may be embodied in various forms. Therefore, specific structural and functional details disclosed herein are not to be interpreted as limiting, but merely as a basis for the claims and as a representative basis for teaching one skilled in the art to variously employ the present invention in virtually any appropriately detailed structure.

Various other objects, advantages, and features of the invention will become more readily apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which like reference numerals designate like parts throughout the figures thereof.

In an aspect, an electronic anesthesia delivery device includes a target for selecting and receiving at least one digital brain wave and determining a particular state of consciousness of a patient, an external source for providing electronic commands and converting the state of consciousness from a first energy state to a second energy state, a processor, at least one frequency generator, an amplifier, at least one headphone interfaced to the processor and at least one power source.

Now referring to FIG. 1 there is illustrated an electronic anesthesia delivery device 01 in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention. The electronic anesthesia delivery device 01 includes a target 02 for selecting and receiving at least one digital brain wave and determining a particular state of consciousness of a patient, an external source 03 for providing electronic commands and converting the state of consciousness from a first energy state to a second energy state, a processor 04, at least one frequency generator 05, an amplifier 06, at least one headphone 07 interfaced to the processor 05 and at least one power source 08.

In an embodiment, the at least one digital brain wave monitored by the electronic anesthesia delivery device 01 may be waves associated with the activeness of a brain of the patient.

In another embodiment, the processor 04 may be operable for analyzing digital brain wave data corresponding to the brain waves of the patient. In this embodiment, the processor 04 is a microprocessor.

In an exemplary embodiment, the processor 04 may be a high performance microprocessor for analyzing digital brain wave data corresponding to brain waves of the patient and operates under control of a software program.

In an embodiment, the at least one frequency generator 05 is associated to the external source 03 for generating frequency on receiving electronic signals. In this embodiment, the amplifier 06 is operable for amplifying the electrical signals.

In an exemplary embodiment, the frequency generator 05 may operate at stable frequencies below the base frequency of 2.22Hz causing the patient to faint even if the patient is in a high energy state.

In another exemplary embodiment, the electronic anesthesia delivery device 01 may include two frequency generator 05, a first frequency generator 05 operating at 400Hz and a second frequency generator 05 operating at 402.2Hz.

In an embodiment, the at least one power source 08 of the electronic anesthesia delivery device 01 may be operable for determining the ON and OFF condition of the device. Alternatively optionally, the at least one power source 08 may be removable.

In another exemplary embodiment, the when the device 01 may be in working (ON) condition the impact of complete faint session will be attained and retained but when the device as the device is in the OFF state, the normal working of body starts and conscious is attained after 4 to 5 minutes.

In yet another exemplary embodiment, the electronic anesthesia delivery device 01 may include two headphones 07 connected to the processor 04. In this embodiment, the headphone 07 speakers may play different tones into right and left ears to produce beats that match the frequencies.

The present invention is advantageous in terms of providing a chemical free anesthetic medicine. The present invention is also advantageous in terms of providing non-hazardous and non-injective anesthetic products.

Modifications to embodiments of the present disclosure described in the foregoing are possible without departing from the scope of the present disclosure as defined by the accompanying claims. Expressions such as “including”, “comprising”, “incorporating”, “have”, “is” used to describe and claim the present disclosure are intended to be construed in a non-exclusive manner, namely allowing for items, components or elements not explicitly described also to be present. Reference to the singular is also to be construed to relate to the plural.